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Flemish development cooperation makes an active contribution towards poverty reduction in Southern African, a region which has one of the highest poverty and inequality rates worldwide. As a reliable and predictable donor, our focus is on a limited number of sectors which reduce this inequality. In this way, we enable partner countries to achieve an increased level of prosperity and welfare for all their citizens in the long term.

The global agenda on sustainable development and poverty reduction is indicative for the Flemish development policy. This framework acknowledges that poverty reduction is not merely a matter of social measures. Economic growth is likewise a prerequisite for the creation of prosperity as well. However, this growth is only sustainable if it respects the earth’s carrying capacity. Within the framework of its development policy, Flanders consequently seeks to challenge the dimensions of sustainable social, economic and ecological development.

In order to prevent fragmentation of resources, Flanders focuses its development cooperation on Southern Africa, and more specifically in three partner countries: Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa. We aim to support only one sector per partner country. By bundling together technical expertise, follow-up capacity and financial resources, we can create more added value for development opportunities in these partner countries.


In August 2001, Flanders and South Africa signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Development Cooperation. A deliberate choice was made to focus Flemish support on three provinces: KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and the Free State. Flemish development cooperation with South Africa was initially aimed at poverty reduction, the promotion of democratisation at provincial and municipal levels, and the continuation of long-term and extended relations between Flanders and South Africa. In 2005, a first five-year Country Strategy Paper (CSP I, 2005-2008) was drafted jointly and approved by both governments. It focused on agriculture and food security, job creation through small enterprise development, and HIV/AIDS prevention.

In 2011, a new Country Strategy Paper 2012-2016 (CSP II) was approved by both governments. Flanders and South Africa have agreed to focus on two priority areas in the sector of investment and employment in South Africa: (1) job creation through small business development, and (2) smallholder agriculture and food security. In addition, CSP II pursues a number of crosscutting themes: gender, children’s rights, HIV/AIDS, sustainable development, good governance, and climate change. The implementation of the programmes remains operationally focused on the Free State, Limpopo and KwaZulu Natal. However, the strategic entry point will be at national level. Twenty-five million Euros have been allocated to the entire programme portfolio.

Across the current project portfolio, the main focus lies on the development of the social economy and social enterprises. Attention is given to entrepreneurship education and skills development, business incubators and mentorship, social and green enterprises and cooperatives, as well as to the promotion of an enabling environment for SME’s to start-up and develop. Many projects within the CSP II have been based on the success of earlier projects, and the current project portfolio mostly represents a continuation of initiatives launched under CSP I. The Government of Flanders has worked closely with state and non-state actors and has relied on the networks of its managing agents and implementing partners.

The current CSP with South Africa can be found here: CSP South Africa.pdf

Flanders and Mozambique have co-operated closely since 2002, when it became the second partner country of Flemish development cooperation. A Memorandum of Understanding between Flanders and Mozambique was signed in 2004. The focus of the co-operation was health care, more specifically HIV/AIDS. In June 2006 a first Country Strategy Paper (CSP) was launched for the period 2006-2010. The focus of the co-operation remained on health care. A significant amount of the budget of Euro 25 million was allocated to budget support for the health sector in order to support the Government of Mozambique in strengthening the health sector and in training health care workers. In Tete province, projects focused on combatting HIV/AIDS and training of health care workers, as well as building infrastructure for the health care sector. Thirdly, the CSP I covered some projects in education, namely technical and vocational training.

The second CSP 2011-2015 focused exclusively on “access to health”. The overall objective of the CSP II is to support the development and implementation of an efficient and effective health policy at national level and in Tete province. More specifically, projects under CSP II aim to support (1) the development of a corps of trained and motivated health care workers; (2) health research and monitoring of diseases and epidemics; (3) the promotion of sexual and reproductive health and rights; and (4) the promotion of good nutrition (practices). Cross-cutting themes are gender and HIV/AIDS. As in CSP I, a significant amount of the budget is reserved for budget support to the health sector, making the Ministry of Health of Mozambique a priority partner for the Flemish development cooperation. Other implementing partners are: the World Health Organisation, Doctors without Borders, Population Services International (PSI) Mozambique, Pathfinder International Mozambique, Clinton Health Access Initiative, the International Centre for Reproductive Health of Ghent University, Forum Mulher and Apopo (a Flanders’ based international NGO).

With the third CSP (2016-2020) the governments of Flanders and of Mozambique opt for continuity in their development cooperation. The health sector remains at the heart of the cooperation with overall Health System Strengthening as the central concern and ambition. However, an additional focus will be placed on service provision and accountability towards the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of health of adolescents (10-19 years old), with special attention to adolescent girls.

The current CSP with Mozambique can be found here: CSP Mozambique.pdf

Development cooperation between Malawi and Flanders started in 2006 with support to programmes related to agriculture, food security and health. In 2008, the Government of Flanders opened an office in Lilongwe, and a first Country Strategy Paper (CSP) 2009-2013 was jointly developed by both governments. After a mid term evaluation in 2012 the Government of the Republic of Malawi and the Government of Flanders mutually agreed to continue the cooperation in the sector of agriculture and food security – the focus of the second CSP 2014-2019 -, as agriculture is the backbone of the Malawian economy and needs further development, while food and nutrition security is a prerequisite towards improving the well-being of all Malawians.

Under the CSP II a budget of Euro 25 million is provided, of which around Euro 1.5 million is allocated yearly to budget support for the agriculture sector. Other implementing partners are the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, the Department of Agricultural Extension Services of the Government of Malawi, Natural Resources College, the Small Scale Livestock Livelihoods Program, the Farmers Union, the World Agroforestry Centre, the United Nations Development Programme, ACE Africa and the United Nations World Food Programme.

The current CSP with Malawi can be found here: CSP Malawi.pdf

Development Corporation Projects - South Africa

SA Land Observatory, a platform for supporting evidence-based and participatory decision making on land in South Africa

Implementing Partner : University of Pretoria

Timeframe : 1/10/2014 – 30/9/2017

Goal of this programme is to promote evidence-based and inclusive decision-making over land resources in South Africa and beyond by generating, analysing and making available land-based information and by widening participation to all stakeholders. Specific components and activities include:

1) The establishment of an evidence base for informed decision-making on land and land-based activities in South Africa (and beyond, in its broader context);

2) The establishment of a knowledge portal for improved decision-making and transparency on land at national and continental levels;

3) The facilitation of policy dialogue and multi-stakeholder engagement and decision-making processes on land and agrarian change.

More info: http://governanceinnovation.org/south-africa-land-observatory/

Supporting Social and Environmental Entrepreneurship in South Africa

Implementing Partner : SEED Initiative/Adelphi

Timeframe : December 2012 – June 2016

The general objective of the project is to contribute to advancing a green and sustainable economy in South Africa, in particular KwaZulu-Natal, Free State and Limpopo, by enhancing social and environmental entrepreneurship, thereby strengthening local capacities, delivering green jobs, and promoting sustainable development and poverty reduction.

More info: www.seed.uno


Job Creation through SME Development – a knowledge sharing project

Implementing Partner : ILO

Timeframe : January 2015 – December 2017

The objective of the  project is to establish a knowledge sharing network around a common shared goal of job creation through SME development within and between the three countries. The purpose of this network is to bring organizations and individuals together to share existing knowledge as well as develop, distribute and apply new knowledge. Through i) a strengthened coordination and collaboration across organizational, disciplinary and geographical boundaries; ii) increased evidence on effective job creation models and iii) capacity development of  government officials and practitioners the intention is to inform policy, strategies and programs for job creation through SME development  in South Africa, Malawi and Mozambique.

More info: www.ilo.org

Building an Ecosystem for Social and Environmental Entrepreneurship in South Africa, with a focus on Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal and Free State

Implementing Partner : Adelphi Research

Timeframe : 2016-2018

This project further supports the development of the SEED* programme in South Africa. It is aimed at the development of social and environment-friendly entrepreneurship to stimulate the creation of sustainable development for vulnerable and disadvantaged groups and subsequently contribute to a green and sustainable economy. For this purpose the project focuses on enterprises from the sectors ‘agriculture’, ‘waste treatment’ and ‘tourism” in the most vulnerable provinces, i.e. Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal and Free State.

More info: www.adelphi.de

Partnerships for Empowered Entrepreneurs Representation in South Africa

Implementing Partner : Trias ngo

Timeframe : 2016-2018

The project aims to help fight poverty and improve living conditions in South Africa by increasing the chances of success of SMEs in the townships. To that end Trias works together with UNIZO and three South African entrepreneurs’ organisations which establish connections with local and provincial entrepreneurs’ organisations.

More info: www.trias.ngo



Strengthening knowledge sharing partnerships for effective adaptation to climatic variability and change in South Africa

Implementing Partner : Environmental Monitoring Group on behalf of the Climate Adaptation Network

Timeframe : 1 January 2015 – 31 December 2017

The objective of the programme is to ensure the functioning of an effective national platform for adaptation to climatic variability and change by and for vulnerable communities that contributes to
strengthened capacities, improved public participation, knowledge sharing and policy development relating to adaptation to climate change.
This programme addresses the capacity and networking needs of a target group of policy makers and practitioners in government and civil society whose task it is to design, fund and implement actions to deliver adaptation services to communities vulnerable to climate impacts.

More info: www.adaptationnetwork.org.za

Development Corporation Projects - Mozambique

Contribution to the SWAp in the health sector

Implementing Partner : INs and donors

Timeframe : since 2006, ongoing

Mozambique’s public health care sector is in need of reinforcement and expansion, but in order for this to happen, long term structural investments are needed. Since 2006, the Government of Flanders has donated two million euros annually to PROSAUDE, the joint fund for the financing of the health care sector by foreign and international donors. This system is also called SWAp (Sector-Wide Approach).

Six priorities were defined for the health care sector: involvement of local communities in the health care theme, logistic supply of medicines and other medical goods, financial management, health information system, personnel policy and infrastructure.

For the implementation of the development plan, Mozambique's Ministry of Health is supported by the following partners: Ireland, DFID (Great Britain), Clinton Foundation, CIDA (Canada), European Commission, DANIDA (Denmark), Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Flanders, World Health Organisation (WHO), etc. The partners and the Mozambican Ministry work together in technical task forces that are headed by the Ministry.

More info: www.ins.gov.mz


Focussed contribution to the health system strengthening of Mozambique II

Implementing Partner : Belgian Development Agency (BTC)

Timeframe : 2015 - 2017

This grant contributes to the realisation of the objectives in the strategy paper Flanders-Mozambique 2011-2015 which focuses on health care. In agreement with the Framework Decree and by extension with the Country Strategy Paper work is done on the transversal theme ‘good governance’ by concentrating on improving governance.


Flanders delivers technical expertise through delegated cooperation with BTC. A financial expert monitors progress in the management of public finances in Mozambique in the working group GTAF (Grupo de Trabalho de Administração e Finanças). The GTAF is the forum where the Administration and Finance Department of the Mozambique Ministry of Health (MISAU/DAF) and the donors examine and discuss the financial management of the health budget.

Delegated cooperation has been opted for. This means that Flanders entrusts the implementation of the activity to another donor. The purpose of delegated cooperation is to realise efficiency gains.


More info: https://www.btcctb.org/en/countries/mozambique

Innovations for Maternal, Newborn Health: Improving Outcomes along the MNCH continuum

Implementing Partner : Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI)

Timeframe : 2016-2018

The IMNH-MNCH project aims at a reduction in maternal and child mortality figures (i.e. newborns and children under 5 yrs) in Mozambique through the development and/or adapting and testing of new technologies in close cooperation with the government and the manufacturers. The technology is first tested in the laboratory of the government institute, Instituto Nacional de Saúde – Moçambique (INS), before being tested in an actual setting in the field.

The total budget of the programme amounts to 6.7 million euros, of which Flanders will contribute 780,000 euros. 

Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) has been working in Mozambique since 2002, supporting the government there and cooperating actively with donors. In 2011, Flanders granted a subsidy of 1,037,796 euros to the project ‘Innovations in mother and child care’ (IMC), which was successfully concluded in 2015.

Through IMC, CHAI helped the Mozambique government to work with the CD4 testing unit and the DNA PCR/Viral unit, both of which enable faster diagnosis of HIV.

More info: www.clintonhealthaccess.org

Support to Music Fund

Implementing Partner : Music Fund and Ex-Change

Timeframe : 2011-2016

Music Fund supports the "Escola Nacional de Música". This is the only music school in Mozambique. Throughout the years, instruments that were collected in Europe were shipped to Mozambique on several occasions. This school has been cooperating with Music Fund for five years now. In addition, Music Fund posts a number of technicians each year, in cooperation with Ex-Change. This is important, since it allows the instruments to be repaired and people to be trained, which generates income for the school and gives this project a sustainable character. 

But the organisation doesn’t stop there. Music Fund carefully selects students with potential and gives them the chance to learn the tricks of the trade in Europe. In 2011, a repairer of brass instruments successfully completed his studies in Le Mans, France.

The Eduardo Mondlane University in Maputo concluded a partnership with the South African music school "Melodi Music" in Soweto. This allows programmes to be set up between the schools, which makes it possible to transfer knowledge. Music Fund plays an important role in this partnership. In Maputo, an extensive programme was drawn up in which Soweto students can also participate from now on. The extension of this university programme was also facilitated by a partnership with Ex-Change.

More info: www.musicfund.be

Reinforcement of the movement for women's rights

Implementing Partner : Forum Mulher

Timeframe : 2013-2016

The project was part of a strategic plan of the umbrella organisation “Forum Mulher”. Local, as well as international NGOs and donors are part of this organisation.

Through reinforcing the Mozambican movement for women's rights, the project wants to promote the sexual and reproductive rights of women and girls, and the combat on violence against women. More specifically, the project’s purpose is to:    

  •  improve the quality of provision of services to victims of domestic violence against women by monitoring the implementation of the law on this subject;
  •  improve female rights, more specifically women’s right on safe abortion;
  •  reinforce the organisation in the field of monitoring and evaluation.


More info: www.forumulher.org.mz

Research into family planning methods in Maputo Province

Implementing Partner : International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH)

Timeframe : 2012-2017

The project aims to promote the use of contraceptives (25% in 2014), as agreed in the Family Planning Strategy of the Mozambique Ministry of Health. In the first place, research is mainly invested in the use of contraception and on drawing up policy advice which is founded on an evidence-based methodology. The project consists of three phases:

  •  in-depth research and analysis
  •  the development and implementation of awareness-raising actions
  •  impact monitoring


More info: www.icrh.org

Development Corporation Projects - Malawi

Agroforestry Food Security Programme Phase II

Implementing Partner : World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Timeframe : 2016 -2018

Since 2009 Flanders has supported ICRAF’s Agroforestry Food Security Programme in Malawi which aims to sustainably increase the maize yield for farmers in the focus districts Mzimba and Kasungo through the application of agroforestry technologies. Meanwhile, owing to the support from Flanders to ICRAF, among other things, Malawi has developed into an exemplary country in Southern Africa in the field of agroforestry.

With this grant the Government of Flanders seeks to continue these achievements by improving the food security, nutrition and income of smallholder farmers and increasing the resilience of the rural environment to climate change through the upscaling of innovative agroforestry technologies. This support will mobilise and reinforce 30,376 farmers and increase their awareness. Specific attention is devoted to the most vulnerable in society, including female heads of household and HIV infected households.


More info: www.worldagroforestry.org

Agroforestry Food Security Programme Phase II

Implementing Partner : Agroforestry and Food Security (ICRAF)

Timeframe : 2015-2017

Deforestation is a huge problem in Malawi. Agroforestry is internationally recognised as a means to achieve better food security and a higher income for farmers, without putting forests under even greater pressure. ICRAF is working on the integration of forestry into sustainable agricultural practices in view of an improved food production among smallholder farmers.

More info: www.worldagroforestry.org

Integrating and Strengthening Capacity of Farmers into District Stakeholder Panels

Implementing Partner : Farmers Union of Malawi (FUM)

Timeframe : 2013-2016

FUM is the organisation par excellence to work on this and to contribute to a more effective policy formulation and implementation. As a result of the policy of decentralisation in Malawi, FUM too has adjusted its structure. Cooperation takes place with the District Farmers Unions (DFU). The idea is to represent farmers in the District Stakeholder Panels via these DFUs. The DFUs will be assisted by smaller study groups which will meet on a monthly basis to discuss specific subjects and to give input to the DFUs for the District Stakeholder Panels.

Currently, the DFUs are not strong enough to engage effectively in the District Stakeholder Panels. Therefore, the main priority should be to improve the operation of these organisations.

The funded project is specifically oriented towards the pilot districts of Kasungu, Mzimba and Rumphi. The project will focus on the participation of smallholder farmers in decision-making processes regarding agricultural policy and in the planning of agricultural services.

More info: www.farmersunion.mw

Capacity building of the Natural Resources College (NRC)

Implementing Partner : Natural Resources College (NRC)

Timeframe : 2013-2015

NRC is a public institution. That is why only the College's day-to-day costs are covered by public funds. As a result, it is very difficult to invest in the capacity building of staff and the improvement of infrastructure. NRC is the only institution in Malawi that can train agricultural extension workers. After the training, these students are employed within the Ministry or the private sector. Due to the substantial inflow of students the available maximum capacity of around 700 students is greatly insufficient. Currently, the College enrols 1,500 students on average. For these reasons, this project proposal is focused on strengthening the institutional capacity of this training institute.

More info: www.bunda.luanar.mw

Small Scale Livestock and Livelihoods Program

Implementing Partner : Small Scale Livestock and Livelihoods Program (SSLLP)

Timeframe : 2013-2015

This project will be implemented by the NGO "Small Scale Livestock and Livelihoods Program" (SSLLP). The SSLLP wants to promote adjusted methods and techniques for the production and use of livestock. This is usually an important source of proteins for local farmers, their families and the rural population. The SSLLP is one of the few local NGOs working around livestock farming. It not only has a good insight into the local situation in remote areas, but also works well together with the Department of Agricultural Extension Services (DAES) of the Ministry of Agriculture and with the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO).

More info: www.smallscalelivestock.org

Multi Donor Trust Fund (MDTF)

Implementing Partner : Multi Donor Trust Fund (MDTF)

Timeframe : 2012 - 2017

In mutual agreement with the donor community, Malawi is taking steps towards a form of sectorial budget support within the agricultural sector. This so called ASWAp is not operational yet, but in anticipation, the ASWAp-Support Programme has already been started up. The financing of this ASWAp-SP goes through a Multi Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) which is managed by the World Bank. From 2012, the Government of Flanders decided to contribute to this fund.

More info: www.worldbank.org



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